Great Scallop

Foto van Sytske Dijksen

The great scallop is worldwide the most important shell for the fish industry. In 1990 the worldwide catch was 0,57 million metric tons, in 1992 it was 0,74 million metric tons and in 1994 1,3 million metric tons.

The animals move quickly, jumpy even and have light sensitive spots on their opening edges. In the  Middle Ages the Great Scallop was a promotional object for Santiago de Compostella in Galicia (Northwest Spain). Pilgrims took the shells home after their pilgrimage to Santiago.

The Great Scallop is consumed mostly in France en the United Kingdom and used in the "haute cuisine". Two Dutch trawlers, the UK 154 en the UK 307, fish for this shell. By the end of 1965 these trawlers had a conflict with the (much smaller) French shell fishermen. The Dutch trawlers were banned from the French harbour Le Havre.

Names

Dutch: Sint Jacobsschelp
Latin: Pecten Maximus
French: coquille Saint Jacques
English: Great Scallop
German: Große Kammmuschel, Pilgermuschel
Danish: Jakobsmusling